Karlsruhe Institute of Technology: French and German Institute for Environmental Research. The Institute is analysing and studying the future energy system of Germany, Europe and Worldwide. KIT has a range of 400 professors and in total 900 employees.
The goal of KIT is the economic evaluation and positioning as an institution of excellence research and education in front with:
- Energy economics – Prof Fitchner
- Industrial production – Prof Schultmann
Distributed Energy System and Network are divided in 4 parts : (Distributed Energy System and Smart Grids, Demand side management dynamic pricing / price signals, Distributed generation and load flow management, Investigation of platform based solution and data standard requirements.
The institute has 4 research groups:
- Distribution of Energy Systems, Networks
- Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
- Energy Market
- System and Transportation
All institutions are working on different aspects of Energy Markets & Energy System Analysis as :
- Modelling and analysis of electricity market and system (ie: market power, merit order-effect)
- Agent-based simulation (simulation game), optimization models
- Stochastic modelling of electricity prices
- Impact of renewables and emission trading on liberalized power market and power plant investment Evaluation of large scale electricity storage (KIK Inno Energy)
All renewable energy in Germany goes to the national electricity market. Germany produce 90%/year of electricity and 10% is exported to other countries. The system is uniform for the electricity prices except for renewable energy where the price is fixed. Since liberalization, market is very volatile and customers were obliged to face new trends of volatility. Prices of electricity are too low in order to stimulate building of new power plants. Transportation and distribution is not liberalized and still a monopoly.
Question: Do Germany needs capacity market in the future?
Storage: Compress Air Plant (very costly to build up, highly operational costs, low efficiency, speculations on power output of the plant).
KIT objective is to puzzle all models: Optimizing System Model for the Energy Sector; PERSEUS (Program Package for Energy reduction Strategies ; Continuous development in industry project ;Aggregation level and Grid models (transport a large amount of electricity)
Nowadays KIT participates in two cornerstone projects:
a) Upper Rhine Project between France, Germany and Switzerland
b) Electrical Vehicles and German Electricity Grid
Lighthouse innovation driver ESA2 (Energy System Analysis Agency)
Found an agency in Europe responsible in Energy
IIP = Institute for Industrial Production in partnership with EDF, VITO.
Pooling and coupling of the wide range of methodologies, tools and competences among the project partners. Large span of approaches and highly specialised skills of individuals’ partners. Obvious synergies between the development analysis tools:
TIMES/PERSEUS/Heat model/Flow sheet Model/Power ACE/Dispatch model/Forecast/New AGE.
a) Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency- Dr Russell Mc Kenna
Objective: Innovations for sustainable biomass utilization in the Upper Rhine Region (URR)
Roadmap: Conclusion and recommendation for the further development of biomass utilization in the URR. What raw material needs? Development of biomass supply chain. Need for geographically orientated biomass utilization planning and assessment
Plan EE (German):
- Climate production, change of energy system
- Sustainable energy for further
- Decentralized, renewable
Linked energy and geo data /Assessing the implementation potential/ Energy scenarios for the region. Transferability to other regions – TMO. Decision’s support for Municipalities, Regional planner, energy supplier, financial sector.
b) Integrating Electric Vehicles into the German Electricity Grid- Dr Patrick Jochem
Motivations: Increasing share on global CO2 emission, peak oil, and oil dependency leads to the request to rethink the current technology. Double the production of EV of the global LDV fleet until 2050 is enhancing the challenge.
1. Willingness to adapt daily behaviour?
2. How should I pay this service (bills, coins)?
3. What price? Why I have a problem with a different plug?
Copyrights reserved 2012 to Matthieu Baron and Andrei Dobrita